The Wyoming Statute of Limitations Guide

Understanding the Wyoming statute of limitations can be complex, especially considering each state has its own set of regulations. This includes examining time limits for different legal cases such as personal injury and contract disputes. Knowing these deadlines is vital if you plan to legally pursue a case. In this article, we’ll also go over the consequences of missing these deadlines and highlight any exceptions that might affect these time constraints. 

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Wyoming Statute of Limitations 

The Wyoming statute of limitations refers to the set period during which legal proceedings must be initiated for various types of cases. This timeframe varies depending on the nature of the legal action. Generally, it ranges from two years for some claims, like personal injury, to up to ten years for others, such as certain types of contract disputes. Once this period expires, legal action is typically barred, and courts will usually refuse to hear cases brought after the deadline. 

Wyoming Statute of Limitations on Personal Injury 

In Wyoming, the statute of limitations for personal injury cases is set at four years. This time period starts from the date of the injury. This four-year period is applicable to a wide range of personal injury cases, including those arising from automobile accidents, slip and fall incidents, medical malpractice, and other scenarios where someone is harmed due to another’s negligence or intentional actions. It’s important for potential plaintiffs to understand that if they fail to file a lawsuit within this four-year window, they will almost certainly lose their right to have the case heard in court. The courts are typically strict about this deadline, and it’s rare for exceptions to be made. 

Wyoming Medical Malpractice Statute of Limitations 

The standard time limit for filing a medical malpractice lawsuit in Wyoming is two years. This period typically begins from the date the injury occurred or the date when the injury was or should have been discovered. This “discovery rule” is particularly significant in medical malpractice cases where the harm caused by a medical error may not be immediately apparent.

There are exceptions to this two-year limit, especially in cases involving minors or individuals who are mentally incapacitated. For minors, the statute of limitations does not begin until they reach the age of majority, which is 18 years in Wyoming. However, there is usually an overall cap on the time limit, which means a lawsuit must be filed within a certain number of years regardless of the patient’s age at the time of the malpractice. Another important aspect of Wyoming’s medical malpractice laws is the requirement for a pre-suit review panel. Before filing a lawsuit, the claim must first be presented to this panel, which reviews the case and makes a determination on its merits. This process is intended to weed out frivolous claims and facilitate settlements before a case goes to court. 


There are certain exceptions to the Wyoming statute of limitations as mentioned above, If the person harmed is a minor or mentally incapacitated, Wyoming law allows for an extension of the filing deadline. This means the clock on the statute of limitations may not start until the individual reaches the age of majority or recovers from their incapacity. Additionally, in cases of fraud where the defendant deliberately concealed their wrongdoing, the statute of limitations may be extended, allowing the plaintiff more time to discover the injury and take legal action.

Statute of Limitations on Car Accident Lawsuits 

The statute of limitations in Wyoming for filing a lawsuit related to a car accident, which generally falls under personal injury or property damage, is four years. This means that if you’re involved in a car accident, you have four years from the date of the accident to file a lawsuit in court. This timeframe applies whether you’re seeking compensation for physical injuries or for damage to your vehicle. 

Statute of Limitation on Wrongful Death 

In Wyoming, the statute of limitations for filing a wrongful death lawsuit is two years. This time limit starts from the date of the deceased person’s death. Wrongful death claims are brought forward when a person’s death is caused by the wrongful act, neglect, or default of another. Given the emotionally challenging nature of wrongful death cases and the complexity of legal proceedings, it’s advisable for those considering such a claim to seek legal counsel. A lawyer can provide valuable guidance, help navigate the legal system, and ensure that all necessary actions are taken within the specified legal deadlines. 

Wyoming Statute of Limitations on Debt 

In the state of Wyoming, the statute of limitations on debt depends on the type of debt involved. This statute determines how long a creditor has to file a lawsuit to collect a debt. Once this period expires, the debt is typically considered “time-barred,” meaning a creditor can no longer legally sue to collect it. However, it’s important to note that the debt itself does not disappear; the legal enforcement mechanism just becomes limited. 

    1. Oral Contracts: For debts arising from oral agreements, the statute of limitations in Wyoming is typically eight years. 
    2. Written Contracts: Debts that are based on written contracts, which include most types of formal loan agreements, have a statute of limitations of ten years in Wyoming.
    3. Promissory Notes: For promissory notes, which are written promises to pay a specific sum of money, the statute of limitations is usually ten years in Wyoming. 
    4. Open-Ended Accounts: This category includes credit card debts and similar revolving credit arrangements. In Wyoming, the statute of limitations for these types of debts is typically five years. 

Keep in mind that making a payment or acknowledging the debt can reset the statute of limitations, starting the clock anew. Also, the statute of limitations is a defense that must be raised in court; it does not automatically prevent creditors from filing a lawsuit. 

What Happens if the Statute of Limitations Has Already Passed?

When the statute of limitations on a case has already passed, it creates a significant barrier to legal action. In civil cases, such as personal injury or contract disputes, this expiration means that the court is likely to dismiss any lawsuit filed after the deadline. The statute of limitations serves as a defense that the defendant can invoke, and courts generally uphold this rule strictly. Essentially, the expiration doesn’t invalidate the legitimacy of the claim but rather limits the legal avenues available for pursuing it. 

The Wyoming Statute of Limitations Guide Conclusion

Understanding the statute of limitations is crucial for timely and effective legal action. Knowing the consequences of these time limits underscores the importance of being aware of these deadlines and the potential for exceptions under certain conditions. 

At Harris, Preston, & Chambers, we’re seasoned in dealing with statute of limitations issues. Serving clients in Cache Valley and across Northern Utah, we’re also equipped to handle a wide array of legal matters to ensure the best possible outcome for your case.

*Nothing herein constitutes legal advice. You should obtain independent legal counsel regarding your specific factual situation.