What Happens If a Dog Bites Someone On Your Property?

What happens if a dog bites someone on your property? It’s a situation nobody wants to find themselves in, and it can leave you wondering what steps to take next. But beyond the immediate concern for the injured guest, there are some serious legal implications you need to think about. More often than not, situations like this fall under premises liability law. And, generally speaking, that means you, as the property owner, are the one who’s going to be on the hook for any damages that come out of the incident.

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Utah Dog Bite Attacks 

There are countless dog bite incidents that happen in the state of Utah every year. They result in varying degrees of injury from minor scrapes and bruises to severe wounds and long-term complications. Nationwide, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that approximately 4.5 million dog bites occur each year in the United States, with around 20% of those bites becoming infected. Over 50% of the time, the victims of these dog bites are children. These statistics show how important it is to understand the dog bite laws in Utah. 

Premises Liability Law 

In Utah, premises liability law plays a pivotal role when a dog bites someone on your property. The state follows a strict liability system for dog bite cases, which means that as a dog owner, you are generally responsible for any injuries your dog inflicts on another person. This rings true whether the incident occurs on your property or in a public place. Utah Code § 18-1-1 outlines this legal principle, making it clear that dog owners are accountable for their pets’ actions. 

Under Utah law, there’s no requirement to prove that the dog had a history of aggression or that the owner was negligent in preventing the bite. This stands in contrast to some other states where the owner may escape liability if they had no prior knowledge of their dog’s aggressive tendencies. However, be aware that there are certain exceptions and nuances in premises liability law, especially when it comes to trespassers and certain circumstances involving provocation. 

What Standard of Care Do You Owe?

Generally, as a property owner or occupant, you have a duty to take reasonable steps to prevent foreseeable harm to others, including animals, on your property. 

Here are some considerations regarding the standard of care:

  1. Safety Measures: If you are aware of potential dangers on your property, such as aggressive animals or hazardous conditions, you should take appropriate precautions to mitigate those risks. This may include restraining aggressive animals, securing the premises, or warning visitors of potential dangers. 
  2. Timely Assistance: If a dog is bitten on your property, you should take immediate steps to ensure the safety and well-being of the injured animal. This may include providing first aid, contacting the dog’s owner, and seeking veterinary care if necessary. 
  3. Legal Reporting: Depending on your jurisdiction, there may be legal requirements to report dog bites or animal injuries to local animal control or health authorities. Ensure you comply with any reporting obligations. 
  4. Compliance with Local Laws: Familiarize yourself with local ordinances and regulations regarding animal control and ownership. Ensure your property complies with these laws to reduce the likelihood of incidents.
  5. Insurance Considerations: Review your homeowner’s insurance policy to understand your coverage and obligations in the event of an incident involving a dog bite on your property.


What If the Person Was An Invited Guest? 

If the person who was bitten by your dog on your property was an invited guest, the application of premises liability law in Utah remains largely the same. Utah’s strict liability system generally holds the dog owner responsible for injuries caused by their dog, regardless of whether the victim was an invited guest, a visitor, or even a trespasser. In this scenario, the fact that the injured person was an invited guest does not typically absolve the dog owner of liability. As the property owner and dog owner, you would still be responsible for the damages resulting from the dog bite. The invited guest may have the legal right to pursue compensation for medical bills, pain and suffering, and other related expenses. 

What if the Person Was Trespassing? 

When a person who was bitten was trespassing, the legal situation can be different compared to when the victim is an invited guest. In Utah, the strict liability for dog bites still generally applies, but there may be some differences in how the law is interpreted and applied in cases involving trespassers. 

Utah’s dog bite law typically holds dog owners responsible for injuries caused by their dogs, but there may be potential defenses available if the person who was bitten was trespassing at the time of the incident. In such cases, the property owner might argue that the trespasser was unlawfully on the property, and their presence contributed to the dog’s behavior.

What If My Dog Has a History of Biting? 

If your dog has a history of biting, the legal implications may be different than in cases involving a first-time incident. Utah’s strict liability law for dog bites generally applies, but the fact that your dog has a history of biting could significantly impact the outcome of the case. 

Here’s how it may affect the situation: 

  • Increased Liability: If your dog has a documented history of aggressive behavior and previous biting incidents, the courts may view you as being on notice of your dog’s propensity for aggression. This could potentially increase your liability for any injuries your dog causes, even if the person who was bitten was a trespasser. 
  • Negligence Claims: In cases where your dog has a history of biting, the injured party may also pursue negligence claims against you. They could argue that you were negligent in failing to properly control or restrain your dog given its known aggressive tendencies. 
  • Criminal Penalties: In some cases, repeated dog bites could lead to criminal charges, especially if your dog’s behavior is deemed reckless or dangerous 

Who Has To Pay? 

If your dog causes harm, you are generally liable for any resulting medical expenses, pain and suffering, and other damages. However, the specifics of each case can vary, and there may be circumstances where legal defenses come into play 

How To Know What To Do 

Immediately following the dog bite incident on your property start by ensuring the safety of the person injured. Seek medical attention as necessary. Next, gather relevant information about the incident, including witness statements and medical records. Contacting an attorney with experience in dog bite law is also a crucial step. They can assess the specifics of your case, advise you on your legal responsibilities, and help navigate potential legal defenses. 

What Happens If A Dog Bites Someone On Your Property Conclusion

In the aftermath of a dog bite incident on your property in Utah, it’s essential to have the right legal support by your side. At Harris, Preston, and Chambers, we understand the complexities of dog bite cases in Utah and have successfully handled numerous such cases. Our experienced team is well-equipped to guide you through the legal process, ensuring that your rights are protected and that you receive the compensation you deserve. Whether it’s a dog bite case or any other legal issue you may be facing, you can trust us to provide you with the expertise and dedication needed to achieve the best possible outcome. Your well-being and legal interests are our top priority, and we’re here to help you every step of the way.




Nothing herein constitutes legal advice. You should obtain independent legal counsel regarding your specific factual situation.